The Climate Change Committee’s advice is directly reflected in UK-wide legislation and policy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and prepare and adapt to the impacts of climate change. The Committee’s recommendations have also helped to shape climate change and environmental legislation and policy in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. As an expert technical advisory body, the Committee’s analysis also informs debate about the challenges and opportunities of climate change.
- CCC recommendations are frequently referenced in the UK and Scottish, Welsh and Northern Irish parliaments and assemblies, by business and industry, in academic literature, by the national and international media and, increasingly, by the public.
- At an international level, we are often asked to provide advice to governments, NGOs and academics seeking to understand the role of an independent body like the CCC.
Under the Climate Change Act 2008, and under equivalent legislation in Scotland and Wales, the Committee is required to produce a number of statutory reports to Government and Parliament. The key reports are:
- Advice on carbon budgets and targets
- Progress reports on meeting carbon budgets and targets
- An assessment of UK climate change risks and opportunities
- An assessment of the compatibility of onshore petroleum with UK carbon budgets
In addition, Ministers can request CCC advice on specific issues and topics. The CCC also produces reports on specific sectors such as land use, coastal change and the decarbonisation of UK housing, and on key technologies such as hydrogen. Conclusions, analysis and underlying data are all available in the publications section of this website.
Advice on reducing the UK’s emissions
We assess the latest greenhouse gas emissions data to judge whether the UK is on course to meet its carbon budgets. We report progress to the UK Parliament and Parliaments in Scotland and Wales annually, and to Northern Ireland on request.
Advice on adapting to climate change
The Adaptation Committee of the Committee on Climate Change has two key statutory roles – to give advice to Government on climate risks and opportunities for the UK, and to evaluate progress towards delivering the Government’s National Adaptation Programme (England only).