The Climate Change Committee undertakes an annual assessment of whether the UK is on course to meet its carbon budgets, and reports this progress to Parliament. The Committee also reports on Scotland’s progress in reducing greenhouse gas emissions against its annual carbon targets. This includes tracking the latest emissions data and identifying underlying progress, as opposed to reporting on fluctuations related to temporary factors (e.g. the weather).
The Adaptation Committee (of the Climate Change Committee) reports to Parliament every two years on the UK Government’s progress in adapting to the impacts of climate change through the National Adaptation Programme (NAP). The NAP focuses on the whole of the UK for a small number of reserved policy areas (issues on which only the UK Parliament can make laws), and focuses on England for devolved matters, which make up the majority. This is because the Devolved Administrations (Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) make policy independently on devolved matters.
UK action on climate change
The Climate Change Act (2008) made the UK the first country to establish a long-term legally binding framework to cut carbon emissions.
International action on climate change
It is the responsibility of all countries to take coordinated action to reduce emissions and to adapt to climate change.