‘COP’ stands for Conference of the Parties and is attended by countries that have signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) – a treaty agreed in 1994. COP26 was the 26th meeting, held in Glasgow in November 2021. It was the first key milestone in assessing progress and raising global ambition across all three aspects of the Paris Agreement’s long-term goal (Its goal to limit global warming to well below 2, preferably to 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels and covers climate change mitigation, adaptation, and finance.).
What progress was made at COP26?
- The UN climate talks closed with countries agreeing the Glasgow Climate Pact to reinforce action and finalise the Paris Agreement rulebook. The ‘Glasgow Climate Pact’ commits countries to phase down unabated coal, supports a just transition for developing countries and action to tackle loss and damage, and agrees for the first time a common timeframe and methodology for national commitments on emissions reductions.
- COP26 marked a step forward in global efforts to address climate change. It made progress on mitigation (reducing emissions), adaptation (to the impacts of climate change), and climate finance (support from developed to developing countries). Most notably, ambitions to reduce emissions across the world have advanced considerably since the Paris Agreement, although not yet enough to meet the Paris temperature goal.
What happens after COP26?
After COP26 the next significant moment in the Paris Agreement cycle is anticipated to be the first global stocktake in 2023. The global stocktake will assess collective progress on mitigation, adaptation, finance flows and means of implementation and support.
The Climate Change Committee at COP26
The CCC attended COP26 to support the UK Presidency and global climate action. At the COP, we launched the new International Climate Councils Network and hosted an event on adaptation with the UK Government, and the Met Office. We also provided expert commentary across the two weeks, highlighted below.
We also spoke at events across the COP, a selection of these are below:
- IEA at COP26: Climate resilience for the global clean energy transition (Chris Stark) https://youtu.be/5o8cFJ8CnuM
- Putting climate change legislation into practice experience from International Climate Councils (Lord Deben) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6a49CHnjj5M
COP26 – Lighting up COP26 (Lord Deben from 1:10) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WhGpJ5xbVgo