Biomass in a low-carbon economy

This report by the Committee on Climate Change assesses the role of biomass – wood, plants and organic waste – in the global strategy to tackle climate change.

Biomass can play an important role in meeting the UK’s long-term (2050) emissions targets, and moving towards net-zero emissions, but only with stricter governance to ensure sustainable supplies.

The report’s key findings are:

  • Managing biomass stocks is an important component of global climate mitigation strategies
  • Sustainably harvested biomass can play a significant role in meeting long-term climate targets, provided it is prioritised for the most valuable end-uses

The key recommendations of the report are:

  • The UK should aim to increase the volume of carbon stored in our forests and land
  • Food and biodegradable waste must be collected separately from other refuse in all areas across the UK
  • Rules governing the supply of sustainable sources of biomass for energy need to be improved
  • Biomass must be used in the most effective way. Uses that enable long-term carbon storage should be prioritised

Supporting charts and data

Charts and data for Chapters 1-5 (Excel)

Supporting research

Annex 1 – Sustainable Forest Management

Annex 2 – Best practice in international biomass governance

Steps to scaling up UK sustainable bioenergy supply (CEH)

What next for bioenergy? (EBRI)

Bioenergy Call for Evidence report and associated responses

The following infographic shows the key messages from this report. Click the image below for a higher resolution version.