This section contains a library of reports, publications and correspondence produced by the Committee on Climate Change and the Adaptation Sub Committee.
129 publication(s) found
E4tech for CCC: Scenarios for deployment of hydrogen in meeting carbon budgets
The CCC develops scenarios for the UK’s future energy system to assess routes to decarbonisation and to advise UK Government on policy options. Uncertainty to 2050 is large, and so different scenarios are needed to assess different trajectories, targets and technology combinations.
Element Energy for CCC – Research on district heating and local approaches to heat decarbonisation
There are three core scenarios for deployment of district heating (DH) to 2050:
The three scenarios reflect different levels of policy intervention to incentivise and assist the roll-out of district heating in the UK. For each scenario, we have presented the range of heat sources likely to be employed, the associated carbon emissions abatement and the abatement cost.
CfSRF – An assessment of the potential for demand-side fuel savings in the HGV sector
Meeting the UK’s 2050 greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction target (an 80% reduction from 1990 levels by 2050) at a manageable cost will require significant decarbonisation of the transport sector.
Sectoral scenarios for the fifth carbon budget – Technical report
This technical report accompanies the fifth carbon budget – the next step towards a low-carbon economy, the Committee’s published advice on the level of the fifth carbon budget. It describes the scenarios used by the Committee to inform its judgements over the cost-effective path.
The fifth carbon budget – The next step towards a low-carbon economy
This report presents the Committee’s advice on the fifth carbon budget, covering the period 2028-32, as required under Section 34 of the Climate Change Act 2008. The Committee recommends that the fifth carbon budget is set at 1,765 MtCO2e, including emissions from international shipping, over the period 2028-2032. That would limit annual emissions to an average 57% below 1990 levels.
Technical note: low-carbon policy costs and the competitiveness of UK steel production
With closures of steel plants announced in recent weeks, the competitive position of energy-intensive industries in the UK has been much in the news. Policies to reduce carbon emissions, which have increased electricity costs to industry, have been amongst the concerns said to have contributed to problems at UK plants. This technical note addresses these issues in detail.
Power sector scenarios for the fifth carbon budget
This report sets out scenarios for the UK power sector in 2030 as an input to the Committee’s advice on the fifth carbon budget, given the importance of the power sector to meeting economy-wide emissions targets.
Government response to 2015 progress report
This set of three documents comprises the Government’s response to the CCC and ASC’s joint 2015 progress report, ‘Reducing emissions and preparing for climate change.’
The scientific and international context for the fifth carbon budget
This report examines the scientific and international circumstances the Committee is required to consider under the Climate Change Act when advising the Government and Parliament on the Fifth Carbon Budget.
CCC response to call for evidence from House of Lords built environment select committee
A written statement from the Committee on Climate Change in response to a call for evidence from the built environment select committee of the House of Lords. The built environment select committee was established on 11 June 2015 “to consider the development and implementation of national policy for the built environment”. The CCC submission covers both mitigation and adaptation, and highlights key findings and recommendations from the 2015 CCC and …
Letter: Clarifying the direction for low-carbon policy
A letter from Lord Deben to The Rt. Hon. Amber Rudd MP on clarifying the direction for low-carbon policy.
AECOM for the ASC: Assessment of climate change impacts on UK natural assets
Under the Climate Change Act 2008, the UK Government is required to publish a Climate Change Risk Assessment (CCRA) every five years. The first assessment was published in 2012 and the next is due in 2017 (CCRA2). This supporting research presents the results of one of the four projects commissioned by the Committee on Climate Change to inform CCRA2. In partnership with the University of Exeter, the University of York, Scotland’s …
Technical note: Budget management and funding for low-carbon electricity generation
The Levy Control Framework (LCF) aims to protect consumers by placing a cap on total payments (above the electricity price) to low-carbon generation for each year until 2020.
HR Wallingford for the ASC: Updated projections for water availability for the UK
This report presents the results of one of four projects commissioned by the Committee on Climate Change to inform Climate Change Risk Assessment 2 (CCRA 2) using existing data and information. This assessment evaluates the contributing factors for the current levels of risk in water resource planning and then projects these according to a selection of various climate, population, adaptation and environmental protection approaches to 2100.
Letter: Consultation on Ofwat’s new role in resilience
A letter from Daniel Johns, Head of Adaptation at the Committee on Climate Change, setting out the Adaptation Sub-Committee’s response to a consultation on Ofwat’s new role in resilience.
Impact of real-world driving on emissions from UK cars and vans
Passenger cars and vans contribute to 17% of the UK’s total carbon dioxide emissions, and therefore have an important role to play in meeting future CO2 targets. Despite rapid falls in the official CO2 emissions of new cars sold in the UK in recent years, evidence of a growing ‘gap’ between official and real-world driving CO2 emissions for new cars has received much attention, and Government has become increasingly aware of the risks this …
Corporate plan for 2015-2018
The Committee’s corporate plans set out our current and future work objectives and priorities. CCC Corporate Plan 2015 – 2018
Reducing emissions and preparing for climate change: 2015 Progress Report to Parliament
This is the Committee’s first report to the new Parliament and the first report under sections 36 and 59 of the Climate Change Act, covering both progress towards meeting carbon budgets and progress on adaptation to climate change. It includes the CCC’s first ever statutory assessment of the National Adaptation Programme. The report comes in 3 volumes: Reducing emissions and preparing for climate change: 2015 Progress …
Annual Report and Accounts 2014 – 2015
The Committee’s 2014-2015 Annual Report & Accounts was laid in Parliament on 29th June 2015. It contains the CCC’s business objectives, achievements, sustainability policy and financial statements. Annual Report and Accounts 2014 – 2015
Letter: Environment and Sustainability Committee inquiry into the Environment (Wales) Bill
To: National Assembly for Wales Environment and Sustainability Committee A letter from Matthew Bell, Chief Executive of the Committee on Climate change, providing initial observations on the use of carbon budgets within the Environment (Wales) Bill (2015).
Reducing emissions in Scotland – 2015 progress report
This is our fourth report on Scotland’s progress towards meeting emission reduction targets, as requested by Scottish Ministers under the Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009. The Scottish Act set a long-term target to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) by 80% in 2050 relative to 1990, with an interim target to reduce emissions by 42% in 2020 relative to 1990. Secondary legislation passed in October 2010 and October 2011 also …
Letter: Preserving the integrity of the UK’s Climate Change Regime
A letter from Edward Davey MP, Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change seeking advice from the CCC on how to deal with a ‘loophole’ in in the carbon budgets system whilst maintaining the integrity of the UK’s approach to tackling climate change.
Letter: Response to the consultation on changes to the Display Energy Certificates regime in public buildings
A letter from Lord Deben, Chairman of the Committee on Climate Change, setting out the case for not weakening the Display Energy Certificate regime for public buildings.
Letter: Response to the Environmental Audit Committee
To: Rt Hon. Joan Walley MP, Chair Environmental Audit Committee A letter from Matthew Bell, Chief Executive of the Committee on Climate Change, responding to the EAC’s letter of 4 February asking for our assessment of the consistency of UK shale gas production with carbon budgets. Read the original letter on the EAC’s website.
Letter: Further measures needed to promote sustainable drainage in new development
To: Rt Hon. Elizabeth Truss MP, DEFRA Secretary of State A letter from Lord Krebs, Chairman of the Adaptation Sub-Committee, suggesting further steps are necessary to make sure the proposed changes to the planning system are successful in promoting sustainable drainage systems (SuDS). Read the ASC’s previous letter to the Secretary of State advising on SuDS.
Letter: Inclusion of Nitrogen Trifluoride in the Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009 targeted gases
To: Dr Aileen McLeod MSP, Scotland Minister for Environment, Climate Change and Land Reform A letter from Lord Deben advising on the inclusion of the fluorinated greenhouse gas Nitrogen Trifluoride (NF3) in the list of targeted greenhouse gases under the Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009. Read the letter.
Letter: Response to Airports Commission consultation on increasing the UK’s long-term aviation capacity
To: Sir Howard Davies, Chairman, Airports Commission The CCC has written to the Airports Commission in response to their consultation on increasing the UK’s long-term aviation capacity. The letter recommends that given the need to limit aviation demand growth in a carbon-constrained world, this should be reflected in the economic analysis of infrastructure investments. Read the letter to Sir Howard Davies.
Letter: Designing Flood Re to encourage flood risk reduction
To: Brendan McCafferty, Chief Executive, Flood Re This letter from Lord Krebs, Chairman of the Adaptation Sub-Committee to the newly appointed Flood Re Chief Executive sets out advice on how to design Flood Re (flood insurance proposals) to encourage reduction of flood risk. Read the letter to Brendan McCafferty.
Letter: Fuel Poverty Strategy Consultation response
In a letter to Amber Rudd, Parliamentary Under Secretary of State, the CCC advised that addressing fuel poverty and meeting carbon budgets can (and should) go hand in hand. New analysis by the Committee, submitted to the Government’s fuel poverty strategy consultation, suggests that targeting energy efficiency (in particular insulation) and low-carbon heat measures at the fuel poor would lead to the achievement of both fuel poverty and carbon reduction targets at …
Letter: Update on the work of the Adaptation Sub-Committee for Scotland
A letter from Lord Krebs, Chairman of the Adaptation Sub-Committee updating on progress regarding the assessment of the Scottish Climate Change Adaptation Programme and the Climate Change Risk Assessment.
Energy prices and bills – impacts of meeting carbon budgets 2014
In its third assessment of the impact of carbon budgets on energy bills, the Committee on Climate Change finds that out of a typical energy bill costing £1140 in 2013, householders paid around £55 per year to support energy efficiency schemes and £45 per year to support low-carbon electricity. A further £55 would be added to average annual bills from 2013 to 2020, mainly to support investment in low-carbon electricity and a …
Letter: Consultation on delivering Sustainable Drainage Systems
To: Rt Hon. Elizabeth Truss MP, DEFRA Secretary of State A letter from Lord Krebs, Chairman of the Adaptation Sub-Committee expressing concern about how the Government now intends to encourage the use of sustainable drainage systems in new development Read the letter. Read the response from Rt Hon. Elizabeth Truss MP, DEFRA Secretary of State to Lord Krebs, Chairman of the Adaptation Sub-Committee.
Letter: ASC submit evidence to Environmental Audit Committee inquiry on adaptation
The Adaptation Sub Committee (ASC) has submitted written evidence to inform the Environmental Audit Committee’s (EAC) inquiry into climate change adaptation. Read the letter and submission from Lord Krebs on behalf of the ASC to Chair of the EAC, Joan Walley MP.
Meeting Carbon Budgets – 2014 Progress Report to Parliament
This is our sixth statutory report to Parliament on progress towards meeting carbon budgets. In it we consider the latest data on emissions and their drivers. This year the report also includes a full assessment of how the first carbon budget (2008-2012) was met, drawing out policy lessons and setting out what is required for the future to stay on track for the legislated carbon budgets and the 2050 target. …
Managing climate risks to well-being and the economy: ASC progress report 2014
The report investigates the threats and opportunities for the country from climate change, focusing on the risks to infrastructure, business and public health. It also provides an update on previous analysis on flooding, and considers the current capacity in the emergency response system to handle climate extremes. This is the third in a series of annual reports from the Adaptation Sub-Committee exploring what should be done in England to prepare …
Annual Report and Accounts 2013 – 2014
The Committee’s 2013-2014 Annual Report & Accounts was laid in Parliament on 26th June 2014. It contains the CCC’s business objectives, achievements, sustainability policy and financial statements. Annual Report and Accounts 2013 – 2014
Corporate plan for 2014-2017
The Committee’s corporate plans set out our current and future work objectives and priorities. CCC Corporate Plan 2014 – 2017
Letter: Decision on whether to carry forward emissions
CCC has written to Greg Barker setting out advice on carrying forward emissions from the first carbon budget to the the second.
Reducing emissions in Scotland – 2014 progress report
This is our third report on Scotland’s progress towards meeting emission reduction targets, as requested by Scottish Ministers under the Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009. The Scottish Act set a long-term target to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) by 80% in 2050 relative to 1990, with an interim target to reduce emissions by 42% in 2020 relative to 1990. Secondary legislation passed in October 2010 and October 2011 also …
Consultation on water abstraction reforms – the case for Water Shares
Lord Krebs has written to DEFRA minister, Dan Rogerson on behalf of the Adaptation Sub-Committee (ASC) on the proposed reforms to the water abstraction regime. Read the letter to Dan Rogerson MP from Lord Krebs.
Letter: A sustainable, long – term plan for the Somerset Levels and Moors
This letter sets out advice from the Adaptation Sub-Committee (ASC) on the preparation of the 20-year plan for the Somerset Levels and Moors following the recent episodes of flooding. Read the letter to Owen Paterson from Lord Krebs. Read the annex to the letter (updated 29 April 2014) Read the response from Owen Paterson to Lord Krebs.
Letter: Offer of support to the new Cabinet Committee on Flooding
This letter offers the new Cabinet Committee on Flooding the help and support of the Adaptation Sub-Committee (ASC) of the Committee on Climate Change. Read the letter from Lord Krebs to the Prime Minister in full.
Scrutiny of IPCC report “Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis”
During the House of Lords Energy Bill Debate on 28 October 2013, Viscount Ridley announced that there were nine ways in which the recent IPCC report (AR5) was less alarming and less certain than the previous IPCC report in 2007 (AR4). This document examines these nine claims using the relevant text from the two reports. Six are found to be incorrect – meaning either that there is no supporting evidence …
Policy note: flood and coastal erosion risk management spending
This note considers publicly available data on flood and coastal erosion risk management expenditure (FCERM) in England. It looks at how this has changed following recent government spending decisions, the introduction of Partnership Funding, and in comparison with estimates of the long-term investment need. Is more being spent than ever before? Table 1 in the PDF version of this note presents the overall amount of funding in this spending period (April …
Policy note: The Government should use full flexibility under the CAP to maintain the current pace of habitat restoration
England’s wildlife has been in long-term decline. Many species of birds, butterflies, mammals, flowering plants and insects are less numerous and found in fewer locations than in the 1970s. The scale of decline was highlighted in the State of Nature report launched by Sir David Attenborough earlier this year, which concluded that 60% of species have declined to some degree over recent decades; 31% strongly so. The abundance of farmland …
Letter: CCC response to OLEV call for evidence on measures to support uptake of ultra low emission vehicles
This letter calls for a package of support measures to address both the higher upfront costs of ultra low emission vehicles (ULEVs) and non-financial barriers perceived by consumers. Read our letter to the Office for Low Emission Vehicles (OLEV).
Fourth Carbon Budget Review – part 2
OUR LATEST REPORT: The fourth carbon budget, covering 2023-2027, was set in June 2011 following advice from the Committee in December 2010. As part of the agreement to set the budget, the Government announced that it would be reviewed in 2014. The Climate Change Act states that it must be based on advice from the Committee, and must consider whether there has been a significant change in the circumstances upon which …
Letter: Advice on designing flood insurance proposals to encourage flood risk reduction
This letter sets out advice on how to design Flood Re (flood insurance proposals) to encourage reduction of flood risk, which builds on the proposals recently announced by Defra together with evidence from public sources and previous Committee reports. Read the letter to Owen Paterson from Lord Krebs. Read the annex to the letter. Read Owen Paterson’s reply to Lord Krebs.
Fourth Carbon Budget Review – part 1
Assessment of climate risk and the international response We have published the review of the fourth carbon budget in 2 stages, this report focuses on developments in three categories of circumstance on which the budget was set: climate science, international circumstances and EU pathways. We take IPCC report findings and draw out implications for carbon budgets, and assess EU and international circumstances. The Climate Change Act states that it must be …
Letter: Implications of European circumstances for the 4th carbon budget review
Responses to our recent Call for Evidence suggested the need to clarify at an early stage the implications of European circumstances for the budget, which we are now able to do. Read the letter to Ed Davey.
Letter: CCC responds to draft EMR delivery plan
This letter calls for the Government to provide more clarity over ambition for the 2020s and suggests that the final Delivery Plan should include a slower degression in strike prices for offshore wind. Read the CCC’s letter on draft EMR delivery plan
Managing the land in a changing climate – Adaptation Sub-Committee progress report 2013
This report reviews some of the key ecosystem services provided by the land. Specifically, the report addresses the use of land to continue to deliver important goods and services in the face of a changing climate – supplying food and timber, providing habitat for wildlife, storing carbon in the soil, and coping with sea level rise on the coast. It explores the extent to which decisions about the land are …
Letter: Discussions for the second climate change risk assessment
From: Lord Krebs To: Colin Church (Director of Climate,Waste and Atmosphere at Defra) Extract: I understood from the meeting that Defra would like the next risk assessment to be more policy relevant, and focus more strongly on how the action and policies set out in the Government’s national adaptation programme will affect risk. Read the letter here.
Letter: CCC to the Aviation Commission
From: Lord Deben To: Sir Howard Davies Extract: We read with interest the Aviation Commission’s discussion paper “Aviation and Climate Change”. In working out appropriate investments in aviation infrastructure, it is essential to recognise that aviation emissions are included in the target to reduce economy wide emissions by 80% in 2050 on 1990 levels, which is set in the Climate Change Act. Download the letter
Letter: CCC advice on amending the Carbon Accounting Regulations
From: Lord Deben To: Gregory Barker MP, Minister of State Extract: We understand from a note circulated on 15 April that DECC propose to take the following approach to amending the Regulations: read the letter here
Letter: CCC review of the 4th Carbon Budget
From: Lord Deben To: Ed Davey Extract: I am writing to let you know that we are starting the review of the fourth carbon budget. The review of the budget is provided for under sections 21 and 22 of the Climate Change Act. These require that the basis for the review should be an assessment by the Committee of whether the circumstances under which the budget was set have significantly …
Annual report and accounts 2012 – 2013
The Committee’s 2012-2013 Annual Report & Accounts was laid in Parliament on 27th June 2013. It contains the CCC’s business objectives, achievements, sustainability policy and financial statements. Annual report and accounts 2012 – 2013
Meeting Carbon Budgets – 2013 Progress Report to Parliament
This is our fifth statutory report to Parliament on progress towards meeting carbon budgets. In it we consider the latest data on emissions and their drivers, and we assess progress developing new policies which are required in order to reduce emissions. The report includes assessment at the level of the economy, the non-traded and traded sectors, the key emitting sectors and the devolved administrations. The main conclusion is that there …
Letter: CCC evidence to House of Commons Science and Technology Committee
We submitted a letter to the Science and Technology Select Committee inquiry into what the public understand about climate, where people look for their information and how that may impact climate change policy. From: Lord Deben To: The House of Commons Science and Technology Committee Extract: I understand that you have recently launched an inquiry into public understanding of climate change and its policy implications. It may be helpful if I …
Next steps on Electricity Market Reform
This report shows that there is a clear benefit in committing to invest in low-carbon generation through the 2020s. The Government recently published a package of measures which would support investment in low-carbon technologies in the years up to 2020. The report considers how best these policies might be advanced particularly in the light of the opportunities presented by the exploitation of shale gas. It also takes account of the highly uncertain …
Reducing the UK’s carbon footprint and managing competitiveness risks
This report finds that there is a need to cut imported emissions as well as those produced in the UK. Imported emissions have grown in line with incomes, and reflecting the low share of manufacturing in UK GDP. This report examines both the size of UK’s carbon footprint and the impact of low-carbon policies on UK competitiveness. It aims to provide a more complete picture of our contribution to climate …
Corporate plan for 2013-2016
The Committee’s corporate plans set out our current and future work objectives and priorities. Full report
Reducing emissions in Scotland – 2013 progress report
This is our second report on Scotland’s progress towards meeting emission reduction targets, as requested by Scottish Ministers under the Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009. The Scottish Act set a long-term target to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) by 80% in 2050 relative to 1990, with an interim target to reduce emissions by 42% in 2020 relative to 1990. Secondary legislation passed in October 2010 and October 20111 also …
Waste and F-gases factsheet
Waste and F-gases factsheet
Land-use and forestry factsheet
Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry factsheet
Letter: CCC urges government to consider date for carbon intensity target
From: Lord Deben To: Rt Hon Edward Davey MP Extract: The CCC urges governement to seriously consider a further amendment to set the carbon intensity target in 2014. This would address widely-raised investor concerns and provide more confidence that there will be good value for money from the levy control framework funding. There remain significant advantages to setting a carbon intensity target committing to early power sector decarbonisation in secondary …
Letter: CCC sets out position on Emissions Performance Standard for new gas-fired generation
From: Lord Deben To: Rt Hon Caroline Flint MP Extract: The CCC responded to a request from Caroline Flint setting out the Committee’s position on an Emissions Performance Standard for new gas-fired generation. The letter outlines how an Emission Performance Standard could provide a useful back-stop to a carbon-intensity target (i.e. a further signal of the Government’s commitment to decarbonise the power sector) but it is unlikely that this alone …
Progress on reducing emissions and preparing for climate change in Wales
This is the Committee’s second report to the Welsh Government on progress reducing emissions and preparing for climate change. It finds that emissions increased in 2010, but are likely to have fallen in 2011, due mainly to temperature and economic factors. The report concludes that good progress has continued, particularly in the residential and waste sectors. However Wales’ emission targets are challenging and require continued and increased effort across all …
Letter: Advice on preparing for the next Climate Change Risk Assessment – 19 December 2012
From: Lord Krebs To: Prof Ian Boyd, Defra Chief Scientific Adviser Excerpt: This letter sets out advice on preparing for the next Climate Change Risk Assessment The advice draws on the findings of two independent reviews commissioned by the Committee, and discussions with Defra’s Science Advisory Council and organisations from the Living with Environmental Change Partnership. annex available here
Letter: ASC perspective on Defra’s strategic policy statement to Ofwat – 17 December 2012
From: Lord Krebs To: Richard Benyon MP Excerpt: You may be aware that the Adaptation Sub-Committee has provided advice to Defra on adapting to the risks of water scarcity from climate change in our 2011 and 2012 Progress Reports. This letter sets out some of this work where it is particularly relevant to the Ofwat guidance. Letter on Defra’s strategic policy statement to Ofwat
Energy prices and bills – impacts of meeting carbon budgets
This report assesses the impact of carbon budgets on energy bills confirms that annual household energy bills could increase by £100 in 2020 to support development of low-carbon technologies. It follows on from the December 2011 report on Household Energy Bills. The report considers the impact of meeting carbon budgets on household, commercial and industrial sector energy bills, and concludes that it is economically sensible to insure against future high …
Letter: proposals to enhance the sustainability criteria for the use of biomass feedstocks under the Renewables Obligation
From: Lord Deben To: Rt Hon Edward Davey MP Extract: I am writing on behalf of the Committee on Climate Change in response to your consultation on proposals to enhance the sustainability criteria for the use of biomass feedstocks under the Renewables Obligation. In our 2011 Bioenergy Review we highlighted the risks associated with the use of unsustainable biomass to meet renewable energy targets and carbon budgets. For example, emissions associated …
Letter: Advice on the strategy for the second round Adaptation Reporting Power – 5 November 2012
From: Lord Krebs To: Lord de Mauley Excerpt: In a letter on the strategy for the second round Adaptation Reporting Power the ASC identifies three broad principles that will help to ensure that the ARP makes a positive contribution to the national adaptation effort – usefulness; robustness; cost-effectiveness
Letter: The need for a carbon intensity target in the power sector
From: Lord Deben & The Committee To: Rt Hon Ed Davey MP Extract: We are writing to express the great concern of the Committee on Climate Change about the recent Government statement “that it sees gas as continuing to play an important role in the energy mix well into and beyond 2030…[not] restricted to providing back up to renewables”. Extensive use of unabated gas-fired capacity (i.e. without carbon capture and …
Annual report and accounts 2011 – 2012
The Committee’s fourth Annual Report & Accounts was laid in Parliament on 5th July 2012. It contains the CCC’s business objectives, achievements, sustainability policy and financial statements. Full report
Climate change – is the UK preparing for flooding and water scarcity? (Adaptation Sub-Committee progress report 2012)
The ASC’s latest assessment on how well the UK is preparing for climate change says four times as many properties are at risk of flooding in England without action on climate change. It uses a set of national indicators to help assess adaptation progress on two of the largest risks to the English regions: flooding and droughts. The report analyses and provides advice to the government for its upcoming adaptation …
Meeting Carbon Budgets – 2012 Progress Report to Parliament
The Committee on Climate Change’s 2012 progress report looks at emissions trends over the past year and evaluates underlying progress in implementing carbon-reduction measures and policies in the UK. It assesses performance of government policies in driving down emissions – including in areas such as Electricity Market Reform, the Green Deal and Carbon Capture & Storage. The report finds that Greenhouse Gas Emissions fell by 7%. But only 0.8% of …
How local authorities can reduce emissions and manage climate risks
There is currently no requirement for local authorities to take action on climate change. This coupled with limited funding means there is a significant risk that local authorities will not develop and implement sufficiently ambitious low-carbon plans. This report emphasises the crucial role councils have in helping the UK meet its carbon targets and preparing for the impacts of climate change. It outlines specific opportunities for reducing emissions and highlights …
International Aviation & Shipping Review
Scope of carbon budgets – Statutory advice on inclusion of international aviation and shipping Our report concludes that international aviation and shipping emissions need to be formally included in carbon budgets. Emissions from these sectors were initially left out of carbon budgets (and the 2050 target) when the Climate Change Act became law. However, they have been informally included in the 2050 target, for example, as set out in the …
Corporate plan for 2012-2015
The Committee’s corporate plans set out our current and future work objectives and priorities. Full report
Letter: recent DECC announcement about the Emissions Performance Standard (EPS) for gas-fired power generation
To: Ed Davey MP From: Lord Turner Extract: This letter responds to the recent DECC announcement about the Emissions Performance Standard (EPS) for gas-fired power generation. The EPS would allow unabated gas-fired generation from new plant through to 2045. The approach set out in the announcement could be compatible with power sector decarbonisation required to meet carbon budgets, but also carries the risk that there will be too much gas-fired …
Letter: Review of the Climate Change Risk Assessment and advice on the National Adaptation Programme
From: Lord Krebs To: Rt Hon. Caroline Spelman MP Excerpt: This letter set out the plans of the ASC to review the Climate Change Risk Assessment, and outlines its assessment toolkit which it is using to assess preparedness for climate change across a range of key sectors in the run up to its statutory report in 2015.
Letter: Environment Agency’s attendance at the ASC’s January 2012 meeting
From: Lord Krebs To: Lord Smith, Chair of the Environment Agency Excerpt: In a letter to Lord Smith, Lord Krebs summarises of Environment Agency’s attendance at the ASC’s January 2012 meeting setting out three key areas for closer cooperation between the ASC and Environment Agency; developing indicators; stakeholder engagement, and highlighting the big adaptation issues.
Reducing emissions in Scotland – 1st Progress Report
This is the Committee’s first progress report on emission reductions in Scotland, as requested by Scottish Ministers under the Climate Change (Scotland) Act (2009). The Scottish Act set a long-term target to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) by 80% relative to 1990, with an interim target to reduce emissions by 42% in 2020 relative to 1990. This report sets out our views on progress towards meeting these targets and …
Letter: Proposals for the Green Deal/Energy Company Obligation
From: Lord Turner To: Rt Hon Chris Huhne MP Extract: I am writing to you to express the concern of the Committee on Climate Change about some of the detailed proposals for the Green Deal and the Energy Company Obligation (ECO). In particular, DECC’s draft Impact Assessment notes that loft and cavity wall insulation account for much of the cost effective potential to improve energy efficiency in the residential sector, …
Household energy bills
There is currently much debate on rising household energy bills, and the extent to which this is or will be due to costs of financing low-carbon investments. This note sets out our analysis of energy bill impacts from meeting carbon budgets to date and over the next decade. It includes assessments of price impacts from wholesale gas prices, financing low-carbon investments and energy efficiency measures, together with scope for reductions …
This report assesses the role of Bioenergy in meeting carbon budgets and targets, drawing on detailed analysis of land use impacts and the UK energy system from technical, economic and wider sustainability perspectives. The report advises Government on key issues such as resource availability, lifecycle emissions, sustainability standards and appropriate use of bioenergy across sectors. Interactive PDF of full report Full report (single spreads easy print version) Presentation slides Read the …
How well is Scotland Preparing for Climate Change?
Adaptation Sub-Committee report to Scottish Government – November 2011 This the ASC’s first report to Scotland. Following reports on how well the UK is prepared to deal with climate change, the ASC was asked by the Scottish Government to undertake an evaluation of how well Scotland is preparing for climate change. This report provides an independent assessment of Scotland’s preparedness for climate change, based on the ASC’s preparedness ladder. The …
Review of UK Shipping Emissions
This report sets out analysis on what UK shipping emissions out to 2050 could be, recommendations on how emissions might be apportioned to the UK, and on whether the UK might include shipping emissions in carbon budgets and the 2050 climate change target. Interactive PDF of full report Full report (single spreads easy to print version) Supporting analysis Exhibits Presentation slides Read the press release
The appropriateness of a Northern Ireland Climate Change Act – Northern Ireland Report
This report assesses the appropriateness of a legally-binding emission reduction targets for Northern Ireland. It considers the current emissions profile in Northern Ireland and recent trends, the existing legislative and policy framework and opportunities and challenges in reducing emissions. It concludes that legislation could be helpful in driving the emissions reductions in Northern Ireland. Full report Letter to Northern Ireland’s Environment Minister
Reducing emissions and preparing for climate change in Wales – 2011 progress report
This report focuses on assessing the Welsh emission targets and strategy, latest data on emissions and drivers, and policies to drive future emissions reductions. It also makes an initial assessment of progress on measures to prepare for climate change within the adaptation part of the strategy Letter to John Griffiths, Welsh Minister for Environment and Sustainable Development Full report
Letter: Advice on draft National Planning Policy Framework
From: Lord Krebs To: Rt Hon. Greg Clark MP Excerpt: This letter sets out the ASC’s advice on draft National Planning Policy Framework, and encourages consideration of how the planning systems can enable decisions makers to weight up the long term costs of climate change against the social and economic benefits from development that are more immediately realised.
Letter: Advice on the Climate Change Risk Assessment Synthesis Report
From: Lord Krebs To: Rt Hon. Caroline Spelman Excerpt: This letter sets out the ASC’s advice on the Climate Change Risk Assessment Synthesis Report in advance of its publication, recommending greater focus on transparently comparing risks; characterising uncertainties and current vulnerability.
Letter: CCC response to request for further information on Scottish targets for 2023-2027 – 1 August 2011
From: David Kennedy to: Dr Liam Kelly Excerpt: Our assessment against the criteria in the Act suggests that the costs, and fiscal and competitiveness impacts associated with the recommended targets are manageable. The same is true of impacts for rural communities and wider environmental impacts, while fuel poverty is an important issue which should be addressed through a combination of energy efficiency improvement and targeted support to low income households. …
Adapting to climate change in the UK – Measuring progress (Adaptation Sub-Committee progress report 2011)
This is the ASC’s second assessment of how well the UK is prepared to deal with climate change impacts and risks. It sets out a range of indicators against which the UK’s progress will be measured, and focuses on three priority areas of land-use planning, managing water resources, and the design and renovation of buildings as adaptation measures. Downloads Interactive PDF of full report Full report (double spreads to save on printing) …
Annual report and accounts 2010 – 2011
The Committee’s third Annual Report & Accounts was laid in Parliament on 13th July 2011. It contains the CCC’s business objectives, achievements, sustainability policy and financial statements. Full report
Letter: Committee on Climate Change: Advice to the Scottish Government on emission targets for 2023-2027 and credit use in 2013-2017
From: Lord Turner To: Stewart Stevenson Extract: This letter is in response to a letter from Roseanna Cunningham in March 2011 requesting advice on Scottish emission targets for 2023-2027, and the use of credits to meet targets in 2013-17. We recommend that Scottish targets should be based on a 3% emissions reduction in 2023, 3.7% in 2024, 4.7% in 2025, 4.9% in 2026 and 5.1% in 2027. These would put Scotland …
Meeting Carbon Budgets – 3rd Progress Report to Parliament
As part of its statutory role, the Committee provides annual reports to Parliament on the progress that Government is making in meeting carbon budgets and in reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. In this 3rd Progress report we build on the techniques developed in the first two. It adjusts recorded emissions in 2010 for weather as well as macroeconomic impacts, showing that the underlying trend is one of broadly flat emissions. …
The Renewable Energy Review
This report sets the Committee’s advice on the potential for renewable energy development in the UK, and advice on whether existing targets should be reviewed. The Committee was asked to provide this advice as part of the Coalition Agreement in May 2010. The report contains new analysis of technical feasibility and economic viability of renewable and other low-carbon energy technologies and scenarios for renewable energy deployment to 2030. Downloads Print-ready …
Corporate plan for 2011-2014
The Committee’s corporate plans set out our current and future work objectives and priorities. Corporate plan for 2011-2014
Letter: Use of offset credits to meet the second carbon budget (2013-2017)
From: Lord Turner To: Rt Hon Chris Huhne Extract: We are required to advise you on the use of offset credits to meet the second carbon budget, prior to a limit on credit use being set in secondary legislation before June 2011. We have already recommended that you should commit not to bank outperformance of the first carbon budget (2008-2012) resulting from the impact of the recession, and that you …
Letter: Electricity market reform consultation
From: Lord Turner To: Rt Hon Chris Huhne MP Extract: I am writing to you in response to your consultation on electricity market reform. As you know, we have highlighted the need for new electricity market arrangements to drive sector decarbonisation, which in turn will drive economy-wide emissions cuts required to meet carbon budgets. We therefore welcome your proposals, which are consistent with the high-level recommendations in our advice on the …
Letter: Scotland advised to cut emissions by 3.5% each year from 2020 to 2050 – 31 January 2011
From: Lord Adair Turner To: Roseanna Cunningham MSP Extract: The Committee on Climate Change (CCC) today advised the Scottish Government to cut emissions of greenhouse gases by at least 3.5% each year from 2020 to 2050, as a ‘fair and safe’ contribution to tackling climate change. The Committee was asked by the Scottish Government to recommend a cumulative emissions budget for Scotland for the period 2010 to 2050, to ensure …
The Fourth Carbon Budget – reducing emissions through the 2020s
This report sets the Committee’s advice on the fourth carbon budget, covering the period 2023-27, as required under Section 4 of the Climate Change Act; the Government will propose draft legislation for the fourth budget in Spring 2011. In line with the required timetable, this report comes only two years after the first report, which recommended budgets for the first three periods. From now on budget advice reports will be …
The CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme – advice to Government on the second phase
The CRC was introduced in April 2010 and specifically targets the emissions associated with electricity and heat use in large public and private sector organisations, and covers around 10% of the UK’s greenhouse gas emissions. In January 2010, the Committee was asked by Government to provide advice on the level of the cap for the second phase. This report sets out our advice on the setting of the cap, and …
How well prepared is the UK for climate change? (Adaptation Sub-Committee progress report 2010)
This report provides the first national assessment of how well prepared the UK is to cope with the impacts of climate change through adopting measures to adapt to climate change. Downloads Full report Executive summary Press release Supporting research The ASC commissioned the London School of Economics and UK Climate Impacts Programme to produce research for use in the ASC’s report. These reports are available for download below: UKCIP (2010) …
Letter: The level of renewable energy ambition to 2020
From: Lord Turner To: Rt Hon Chris Huhne Extract: Thank you for your letter of 29th July in which you requested that we write to you in September on the level of renewable energy ambition to 2020, as part of our broader renewable energy review. This response does two main things: It summarises our analysis to date of renewable energy ambition in the period to 2020. It sets out our proposed …
Building a low-carbon economy – the UK’s innovation challenge
In order to build a low carbon economy and meet carbon budgets, the UK will need access to new technologies. This requires public sector investment in all stages of the innovation process from Research, through Development and Demonstration to Deployment (RDD&D). In October 2009, Professor Sir John Beddington, the Government’s Chief Scientific Advisor, asked the Committee to carry out a review of low carbon innovation in the UK. This report …
Annual report and accounts 2009 – 2010
The Committee’s second Annual Report & Accounts 2009-10 was laid in Parliament on 9 July 2010 and contains the CCC’s business objectives, achievements and financial statements. Full report
Meeting Carbon Budgets – ensuring a low-carbon recovery (2nd progress report)
As part of its statutory role, the Committee provides annual reports to Parliament on the progress that Government is making in meeting carbon budgets and in reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. Meeting Carbon Budgets – ensuring a low-carbon recovery is the Committee’s 2nd progress report. Within this report we assess the latest emissions data and determine whether emissions reductions have occurred as a result of the recession, or, as a …
Letter: CCC advice on the approach to investment in fossil fuel power generation
To: Rt Hon Chris Huhne MP From: Lord Turner Extract: The path to meeting the UK’s 2050 target to reduce emissions by 80% requires that the power sector is largely decarbonised in the period to 2030 (e.g. average emissions should be around 100 g/kWh in 2030 compared to around 500 g/kWh currently). This will require a coherent approach to phasing out of conventional fossil fuel (i.e. coal and gas) generation. …
Corporate plan for 2010-2013
The Committee’s corporate plans set out our current and future work objectives and priorities. Full report
Scotland’s path to a low-carbon economy
Following on from the adoption of the Climate Change (Scotland) Act in August 2009, the Committee were asked to advise Scottish Minsters on issues relating to the climate change targets in the Act. “Scotland’s path to a low-carbon economy” sets out the Committee’s advice on how Scotland can meet its ambitious 2020 target, to reduce emissions of all greenhouse gases by 42%, and on the level of annual targets in …
Letter: Advice on evolving methodology for the Climate Change Risk Assessment and Adaptation Economic Assessment
From Lord Krebs To: Rt Hon. Caroline Spelman MP Excerpt: Advice on evolving methodology for the Climate Change Risk Assessment and Adaptation Economic Assessment Response from Secretary of State for the Environment, Hilary Benn, March 2010 Defra technical note
Meeting the UK Aviation target – options for reducing emissions to 2050
In January 2009 the Government adopted a target to reduce UK aviation emissions back to 2005 levels in 2050 alongside its decision to support expansion of Heathrow airport. Together with deep cuts in other sectors, this would achieve the UK’s legislated economy-wide greenhouse gas (GHG) target to reduce emissions by 80% in 2050 relative to 1990 without the need to rely on purchase of credits in the global carbon market. …
Letter: Advice on evolving methodology for the Climate Change Risk Assessment and Adaptation Economic Assessment
From Lord Krebs To: Hilary Benn Excerpt: This letter responds to the Committee’s initial advice on the Climate Change Risk Assessment, and sets out some key aspects of the project in terms of scope and governance. Read the Advice on evolving methodology for the Climate Change Risk Assessment and Adaptation Economic Assessment in full and accompanying ASC technical note
Meeting carbon budgets – the need for a step change (1st progress report)
As part of its statutory role, the CCC provides annual reports to Parliament on the progress that Government is making in meeting carbon budgets and in reducing emissions of greenhouse gases. Meeting Carbon Budgets – the need for a step change is the CCC’s first annual progress report to Parliament. It assesses the progress that has been made by Government so far in reducing emissions and the implications of the …
Letter: CCC advice on a framework for reducing global aviation emissions
To: Rt Hon Lord Andrew Adonis, Secretary of State for Transport, Rt Hon Ed Miliband, Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change From: Lord Turner Extract: This letter sets out the Committee’s advice on a framework for reducing global aviation emissions, as requested by you on 14th July 2009. The main messages of the Committee are: Capping global aviation emissions Aviation CO2 emissions should be capped, either through a global …
Annual report and accounts 2008 – 09
The CCC’s first Annual Report and Accounts contains our corporate business priorities, achievements and financial accounts for the year. Full report
Corporate plan for 2009-2012
Building a low-carbon economy – the UK’s contribution to tackling climate change
Building a low-carbon economy – the UK’s contribution to tackling climate change was published on 1 December 2008 and contains the CCC’s recommendations on the 2050 emissions reduction target and advises on the levels of the UK’s first three legally binding carbon budgets for 2008-2022. Launch press release Pocket booklet containing the reports key messages Executive summary Report in full Launch presentation slides Download individual chapters of the report Part …
Letter: Interim advice from the Committee on Climate Change
From: Lord Turner To: Ed Miliband Excerpt: In advance of its December 2008 report, the Committee was asked to advise Government on what the level of the long-term 2050 target for climate change should be and whether to increase the UK’s 2050 emissions reduction from the then current 60% target. In October 2008, the CCC advised the Government to adopt an ambitious target to reduce the UK’s greenhouse gas emissions by …