The Sixth Carbon Budget and Welsh emissions targets – Call for Evidence

1 . Background to the UK's sixth carbon budget
2 . Personal details
3 . Climate science and international circumstances
4 . The path to the 2050 target
5 . Delivering carbon budgets
6 . Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland
7 . Sector-specific questions
8 . Further information and submission
  • Background to the UK's sixth carbon budget

    The UK Government and Parliament have adopted the Committee on Climate Change's (CCC) recommendation to target net-zero emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the UK by 2050 (i.e. at least a 100% reduction in emissions from 1990).

    The Climate Change Act (2008, ‘the Act’) requires the Committee to provide advice to the Government about the appropriate level for each carbon budget (sequential five-year caps on GHGs) on the path to the long-term target. To date, in line with advice from the Committee, five carbon budgets have been legislated covering the period out to 2032.

    The Committee must provide advice on the level of the sixth carbon budget (covering the period from 2033-37) before the end of 2020. The Committee intends to publish its advice early, in September 2020. This advice will set the path to net-zero GHG emissions for the UK, as the first time a carbon budget is set in law following that commitment.

    Both the 2050 target and the carbon budgets guide the setting of policies to cut emissions across the economy (for example, as set out most recently in the 2017 Clean Growth Strategy). The Act also specifies other factors the Committee must consider in our advice on carbon budgets – the advice should be based on the path to the UK’s long-term target objective, consistent with international commitments and take into account considerations such as social circumstances (including fuel poverty), competitiveness, energy security and the Government’s fiscal position.

    The CCC will advise based on these considerations and a thorough assessment of the relevant evidence. This Call for Evidence will contribute to that advice.

    Background to the Welsh third carbon budget and interim targets

    Under the Environment (Wales) Act 2016, there is a duty on Welsh Ministers to set a maximum total amount for net Welsh greenhouse gas emissions (Welsh carbon budgets). The first budgetary period is 2016-20, and the remaining budgetary periods are each succeeding period of five years, ending with 2046-50.

    The Committee is due to provide advice to the Welsh Government on the level of the third Welsh carbon budget (covering 2026-30) in 2020, and to provide updated advice on the levels of the second carbon budget (2021-25) and the interim targets for 2030 and 2040. Section D of this Call for Evidence (covering questions on Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) includes a set of questions to inform the Committee’s advice to the Welsh Government.

    Responding to the Call for Evidence

    The Call for Evidence questions are divided into five themed sections:

    • A. Climate science and international circumstances
    • B. The path to the 2050 target
    • C. Delivering carbon budgets
    • D. Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland
    • E. Sector-specific questions
    • It comprises more questions than previous Calls for Evidence run by the Committee, as it includes questions on the Welsh emissions targets (section D), as well as a set of detailed, sector-specific questions (section E). It is not expected that respondents will answer all questions. Please answer only those questions where you have specific expertise and evidence to share.

      We encourage responses that are brief and to the point, i.e. a maximum of 400 words per question plus links to supporting evidence, and may follow up for more detail where appropriate.

    • You can complete the form on the CCC website by clicking next at the bottom of this page.
    • Alternatively, please download the question and response form here and then email your response to: [email protected] with the subject line: 'The Sixth Carbon Budget and Welsh emissions targets – Call for Evidence'
    • If you would prefer to post your response, please send it to:

      The Committee on Climate Change – Call for Evidence
      151 Buckingham Palace Rd
      London, SW1W 9SZ

      The deadline for responses is Wednesday, 5 February 2020.

      Confidentiality and data protection

      Responses will be published on our website after the response deadline, along with a list of names or organisations that responded to the Call for Evidence. If you want information that you provide to be treated as confidential (and not automatically published) please say so clearly in writing when you send your response to the consultation. It would be helpful if you could explain to us why you regard the information you have provided as confidential. If we receive a request for disclosure of the information we will take full account of your explanation, but we cannot give an assurance that confidentiality can be maintained in all circumstances. An automatic confidentiality disclaimer generated by your IT system will not, of itself, be regarded by us as a confidentiality request. All information provided in response to this consultation, including personal information, may be subject to publication or disclosure in accordance with the access to information legislation (primarily the Freedom of Information Act 2000, the Data Protection Act 1998 and the Environmental Information Regulations 2004).