Calls for Evidence

Scottish Annual Targets – Call for Evidence

This call for evidence has now closed

Background

The CCC has a statutory obligation under the Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009 to provide advice to the Scottish Government on the level of its 2028-2032 annual targets and is seeking evidence to help with that task.

Scotland has a legislated 2050 target to reduce emissions by at least 80% relative to 1990. On track to that reduction, Scottish annual targets for 2028-2032 will put a legal limit on Scottish emissions of greenhouse gases for each of those years.

They follow from the existing annual targets for 2023-2027 which have been legislated in line with the Committee’s advice. These targets imply a reduction in emissions of 56% by 2027 relative to 1990 levels.

Both the annual targets and the 2050 target include Scotland’s share of emissions from international aviation and shipping.

The criteria to set the targets are described in the Climate Change (Scotland) Act 2009. In particular, the targets for the period 2010-2050 should be consistent with a reduction in the net[1] emissions account over that period which would allow the 2050 target to be met (4(3)).

The Act requires that the Committee advises the Scottish Government on the level of the targets. That advice must also cover:

  • the extent to which the annual targets could be met by taking domestic action to reduce emissions in Scotland and by the use of carbon units[2];
  • the respective contributions towards meeting the annual targets by the traded sectors, other sectors, energy efficiency, energy generation, land use and transport;
  • consideration of criteria which include targets not exceeding the fair and safe Scottish budgets, and impacts on competiveness, fiscal circumstances and fuel poverty.

In line with the statutory requirements of the Act, we will publish our advice to the Scottish Government, and the supporting evidence base, by the end of March 2016. The targets must then be legislated by the end of October 2016.

Response to this Call for Evidence will help inform that advice. As well as questions important to the annual target advice, this Call includes questions relating to the Committee’s regular progress reporting, which will next be published in October 2016.

Responding to the Call for Evidence

We encourage responses that are brief and to the point (i.e. a maximum of 400 words per question, plus links to supporting evidence, answering only those questions where you have particular expertise), and may follow up for more detail where appropriate.

It would be useful if you could use this question proforma when responding and e-mail responses to: communications@theccc.gsi.gov.uk

Alternatively, if you would prefer to post your responses, please send to:

The Committee on Climate Change – Scotland Call for Evidence,
7 Holbein Place,
London
SW1W 8NR

The deadline for responses is 12 noon on 11 December 2015.

 

Confidentiality and data protection

Responses will be published on this website after the response deadline, along with a list of names or organisations that responded to the Call for Evidence.

If you want information that you provide to be treated as confidential (and not automatically published) please say so clearly in writing when you send your response to the consultation. It would be helpful if you could explain to us why you regard the information you have provided as confidential. If we receive a request for disclosure of the information we will take full account of your explanation, but we cannot give an assurance that confidentiality can be maintained in all circumstances. An automatic confidentiality disclaimer generated by your IT system will not, of itself, be regarded by us as a confidentiality request.

All information provided in response to this consultation, including personal information, may be subject to publication or disclosure in accordance with the access to information legislation (primarily the Freedom of Information Act 2000, the Data Protection Act 1998 and the Environmental Information Regulations 2004).

[1] Scottish emissions are calculated on a net basis using the Net Scottish Emissions Account (NSEA) which takes into account non-traded emissions, surrendered units and Scotland’s assigned EU ETS cap (known as the specified amount).

[2]  A carbon unit is defined as a reduction in an amount of greenhouse gas emissions, the removal of an amount of greenhouse gas from the atmosphere or an amount of greenhouse gas allowed under a scheme or arrangements imposing a limit on such emissions. The Scottish Ministers must set a limit on the net amount of carbon units that may be credited to net Scottish emissions accounts during a five year period of annual targets.


 

The Fifth Carbon Budget – Call for Evidence

This call for evidence has now closed

Background

The fifth carbon budget will put a legal limit on UK emissions of greenhouse gases over the period 2028-2032.

It follows on from the fourth carbon budget, which has been legislated (and subsequently reviewed and confirmed) in line with the Committee’s advice at 1,950 MtCO2e for 2023-27. This implies a reduction in emissions of 50% by 2025 relative to 1990.

The UK also has a legislated 2050 target to reduce emissions by at least 80% relative to 1990. Unlike the carbon budgets, the 2050 target includes emissions from international aviation and shipping.  Anticipated emissions from international shipping and aviation in 2050 imply at least an 85% reduction in emissions across the sectors of the economy covered by carbon budgets.

The criteria upon which the budget should be set are laid out in the Climate Change Act (CCA). In particular, it should prepare for the 2050 target in a cost-effective manner (CCA 8(2)), taking into account various criteria including climate science, the international and EU context, economics, fuel poverty and competitiveness impacts (CCA 10(2)), and to represent appropriate domestic emissions reductions (CCA 15).

The Act requires (CCA 34) that the Committee advise the Government on the level of the budget. That advice must also cover: the extent to which the budget should be met by reducing UK emissions versus the use of carbon credits, the relative contributions in sectors covered or not by international trading schemes and the sectors of the economy where there are particular opportunities to reduce emissions.

In line with the statutory requirements of the Act, we will publish our advice to the Government, and the supporting evidence base, by the end of December 2015. The budget must then be legislated by the end of June 2016.

This Call for Evidence will contribute to that advice. As well as questions important to the fifth budget advice, this Call includes questions relating to the Committee’s regular progress reporting, which will next be published in June 2015.

Responding to the Call for Evidence

We encourage responses that are brief and to the point (i.e. a maximum of 400 words per question, plus links to supporting evidence, answering only those questions where you have particular expertise), and may follow up for more detail where appropriate.

It would be useful if you could use the question proforma when responding and e-mail responses to: communications@theccc.gsi.gov.uk.

Alternatively, if you would prefer to post your responses, please send to:

The Committee on Climate Change – Call for Evidence,
7 Holbein Place,
London
SW1W 8NR

The deadline for responses is 12 noon on Monday 01 June 2015.

Confidentiality and data protection

Responses will be published on our website after the response deadline, along with a list of names or organisations that responded to the Call for Evidence.

If you want information that you provide to be treated as confidential (and not automatically published) please say so clearly in writing when you send your response to the consultation. It would be helpful if you could explain to us why you regard the information you have provided as confidential. If we receive a request for disclosure of the information we will take full account of your explanation, but we cannot give an assurance that confidentiality can be maintained in all circumstances. An automatic confidentiality disclaimer generated by your IT system will not, of itself, be regarded by us as a confidentiality request.

All information provided in response to this consultation, including personal information, may be subject to publication or disclosure in accordance with the access to information legislation (primarily the Freedom of Information Act 2000, the Data Protection Act 1998 and the Environmental Information Regulations 2004).

 


 

The Fourth Carbon Budget – This call for evidence has now closed

As part of the review of the fourth carbon budget the Committee ran a public call for evidence over the summer of 2013. 19 organisations and individuals responded – they are listed below along with their responses.

Review of the Fourth Carbon Budget – Background
On 1st July the Committee wrote to the Secretary of State, Ed Davey, to announce the review of the fourth carbon budget. Read the Letter to Ed Davey.

The fourth carbon budget limits UK emissions of greenhouse gases to 1,950 MtCO2e over 2023-27.

The budget was recommended by the Committee in December 2010. The Committee’s advice was accepted by the Government and Parliament in June 2011, when the budget was legislated.

As part of our advice, we recommended that the fourth budget should be reviewed in light of progress towards an EU 2030 emissions reduction target, which could have particular implications for the traded sector of the budget, given the accounting rules under the Climate Change Act.

The Government accepted this advice and will undertake a review in 2014.

The Climate Change Act requires that the Government review is based on advice by the Committee about whether the specific circumstances upon which the budget was set have been changed. The budget may only be changed if there is a clear and significant change in these circumstances.

The circumstances upon which the budget was set are the criteria laid out in the Climate Change Act (CCA). In particular, this is designed to meet the 2050 target in a cost effective manner (CCA 8(2)), taking into account various criteria including progress in the science, the international context, economics, fuel poverty and competitiveness impacts (CCA 10(2)), and to represent appropriate domestic emissions reductions (CCA 15).

We will advise the Government in December 2013.

This Call for Evidence, which includes questions designed around whether the specific circumstances under which the budget was set have changed, will contribute to that advice.

Responding to the Call for Evidence
We encourage responses that are brief and to the point (i.e. a maximum of 400 words per question, plus links to supporting evidence), and may follow up for more detail where appropriate.

Proforma
It would be useful if you could use the question proforma when responding and e-mail responses to: evidence@theccc.gsi.gov.uk

Alternatively, if you would prefer to post your responses, please send to:

Committee on Climate Change – Call for Evidence,
7 Holbein Place,
London
SW1W 8NR

The deadline has now passed.

Confidentiality and data protection
Responses will be published on our website after the response deadline, along with a list of names or organisations that responded to the Call for Evidence.

If you want information that you provide to be treated as confidential (and not automatically published) please say so clearly in writing when you send your response to the consultation. It would be helpful if you could explain to us why you regard the information you have provided as confidential. If we receive a request for disclosure of the information we will take full account of your explanation, but we cannot give an assurance that confidentiality can be maintained in all circumstances. An automatic confidentiality disclaimer generated by your IT system will not, of itself, be regarded by us as a confidentiality request.

All information provided in response to this consultation, including personal information, may be subject to publication or disclosure in accordance with the access to information legislation (primarily the Freedom of Information Act 2000, the Data Protection Act 1998 and the Environmental Information Regulations 2004).

You can download the information above here: Call for evidence